A hoverboard is used by people to fly and make their busy lives and schedules more convenient and comfortable. Hoverboards are mainly of three types and the technology and mechanisms used in these three different kinds of hoverboards differ to each other.
Omni hoverboard is the most common design and the design that anyone would love to have for the hoverboard. It is basically a small helicopter where you stand on top of the rotors instead of sitting underneath them as in a traditional helicopter. Any hoverboard works when a gravitational pull is exerted by the mechanism that is been used and the gravitational pressure and force used in this specific model is air. The rotors exert high downward air pressure resulting in upward movement what enable the person standing on it to fly using the hoverboard. This technology allows the user to fly upward and downward and side to side just like a helicopter. Moreover it can fly above the water and land that makes this special type of hoverboard more popular and attractive over the others. However this machine works with a battery that is considerably heavy and therefore it can be only in operation for a very limited period of time that can be also considered a limitation.
Hendo hoverboards came to the market recently and this machines use the forces of electro-magnetic forces to create pressures enabling the user to fly. The Hendo engines use electro-magnets that produces magnetic fields with a conducting surface. In other words these magnetic fields produce an electric current in the metallic part underneath the hoverboard where the electric current then produces its own magnetic field to repel the hoverboard electro-magnets operating the hoverboard. With this technology the Hendo hoverboards can also be called skateboard hovers. However a major problem in the conducting surface is identified. If you put the Hendo hoverboard over water the electric conductor would not work even though the electro-magnets would still work changing magnetic fields.
The hoverboard for sale on floating board is called a lexus hoverboard that uses the electro-magnetic technology for operations. However instead of changing the magnetic fields as in theHendo hoverboard, the Lexus uses superconductors as its mechanism. When these superconductors are placed near the magnetic field, a levitation effect is formed. In this specific machine basically the magnets are in the ground and the superconductors are installed in the board. The design is very user friendly and the size of the board is relatively smaller that makes it very attractive. However this specific type of hoverboard does not work over water or any other surface that does have magnetic fields. On the other hand the superconductors should be very cold to get the most effective levitational properties which require addition of liquid nitrogen as you ride.
As stated above different kinds over hoverboards uses different kinds of mechanisms and technology for operation where Air pressure and electro-magnetic pressures are the most common and effective as identified.